A (more) visual guide to the proposed EU Artificial Intelligence Act

What is it about?

How to scan through the proposal?

  • Title I defines the scope of application of the new rules that cover the placing on the market, putting into service, and use of AI systems.
  • Title II comprises all those AI systems whose use is considered unacceptable as contravening Union values, for instance by violating fundamental rights.
  • Title III contains specific rules for AI systems that create a high risk. The classification of an AI system as high-risk is based on the intended purpose of the AI system, in line with existing product safety legislation.
  • Title IV is about transparency obligations for systems that (i) interact with humans, (ii) are used to detect emotions or determine association with (social) categories based on biometric data, or (iii) generate or manipulate content (‘deep fakes’).
  • Title V contributes to the objective to create a legal framework that is innovation-friendly.
  • Title VI sets up the governance systems at Union and national levels.
  • Title VII aims to facilitate the monitoring work of the Commission and national authorities.
  • Title VIII sets out the monitoring and reporting obligations for providers of AI.
  • Title IX concerns a framework to encourage providers of non-high-risk AI systems to apply the requirements of high-risk systems voluntarily.
  • Title X sets out rules for the exchange of information obtained during the implementation of the regulation.
  • Title XI sets out rules for the exercise of delegation and implementing powers.
  • Title XII contains an obligation for the Commission to assess regularly the need for an update of Annex III and to prepare regular reports on the evaluation and review of the regulation.

What is prohibited?

  1. AI that deploys subliminal techniques beyond a person’s consciousness to materially distort one’s behavior in a manner likely to cause physical or psychological harm;
  2. AI systems that exploit any of the vulnerabilities of a group of persons due to their age, physical or mental disability, to materially distort the behaviour or to cause harm;
  3. Social scoring: detrimental or unfavorable treatment of certain persons or whole groups in social contexts which are unrelated to the contexts in which the data was originally generated or collected; detrimental or unfavorable treatment of individuals/groups that is unjustified or disproportionate to their social behaviour;
  4. Real-time remote biometric identification systems in publicly accessible spaces for law enforcement, unless… (here we have exceptions, see Article 5(d))

What is meant by “high-risk”?

  • AI system is a product with intended use within Annex II
  • The product with an AI system as a safety component
  • AI system is a component of the product within Annex II
  • AI system is a safety component of a Product
  • Annex III AI System

I’m developing or operating an AI system, what are my actions?

Is regulation applied already?




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Nikita Lukianets

Nikita Lukianets

Founder, CTO @PocketConfidant AI, Founder @Open Ethics. I work in the R&D with interests ultimately related to the fields of Computational Neuroscience and AI.